Kojetín Municipal Savings Bank

Kojetín

In interwar Kojetín, the vast majority of jobs were undertaken by local builders. One exception in this respect was represented by the numerous design works of the Přerov architect Alois Pilc, who undermined the locally promoted uniform building concept with more progressive modern architecture. After the successful completion of his Sokolovna in the town, Pilc was given the opportunity to build this second public building.

The plans for Pilcʼs Municipal Savings Bank in Kojetin date back to August 1929, but it was not realised until a year later. The building on the corner of the historic Masaryk Square represented the last major public project for the town for a long time. In this project, Pilc replaced the horizontality that characterised the local Sokolovna with vertical elements that add to the monumentality of the savings bank. The building stands on a slightly raised ground floor; the entire perimeter of the corner is rhythmised by prismatic pilasters, which raise a cordon cornice. The architectʼs favourite motif of combining flat and gable roofs is also found in this building. The façade is perforated by different types of windows, and these, together with the varied articulation of the volumes, contribute to a rather unclear composition. Pilcʼs decorative approach is represented here by the stone lining of the plinth, pilasters, and the corner section of the first floor. The frontage to the square, with the main entrance, was then highlighted by an illuminated advertising display with a flagpole crossing the silhouette of the building and two statues at the level of the crown cornice. The local chronicler at the time, K. Štégr, considered the building “modern”.

In Pilcʼs estate we also found an alternative version of the project, which, compared to the final realisation, creates a more progressive impression. We can see a cleaner division of the volumes, and the size chosen for the windows is also more coherent. The periphery, however, naturally tended towards a more conservative version, probably taking the historical structure of the neighbourhood into account.

In volume, the building continues to retain its interwar appearance; in details we can still sense it thanks to the preserved sculptural decoration, the light panel on the attic, or the grilles. However, the addition of plastic door and window panels and a modern plinth and pilasters has not been beneficial. The building still serves its original purpose – it now houses a bank.

IM


Selected literature

Spořitelna města Kojetína, in: Josef Kovařík – Jan Kratoň – Bedřich Jelínek (eds.), Přerov: Přerovsko-Kojetínsko, Brno 1933, p. 21.

 

Sources

Ivana Láníková (Málková), Architekt Alois Pilc a Přerov. Architektonická centra a periferie (master’s degree thesis), Katedra dějin umění FFUP, Olomouc 2018.

Martina Horáčková, Architektura střední Moravy, 1918 – 1945: Přerov, Kroměříž, Bystřice pod Hostýnem, Holešov, Kojetín (diploma thesis), Katedra teorie a dějin výtvarných umění FFUP, Olomouc 2004.

SOkA Přerov, Pamětní kniha Kojetína, p. 132.

Museum of Art in Olomouc A 1495 – plan that was implemented

Museum of Art in Olomouc A 1520 – alternative plan